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Problem 1: Invent Yourself

Create a non-invasive device that determines the direction of fluid flow inside an opaque pipe. Optimise your device so that you can measure the smallest flow possible.

 

  1. N. Li, K. Xu, and S. Li, EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2018, (2018).


I. Phenomenon Demonstration

    II. Books, Encyclopedia, Discussion and Forum Posts

    III. Research Papers

    • Jha, D. K., Ray, A., Mukherjee, K., and Chakraborty, S. (November 7, 2012). “Classification of Two-Phase Flow Patterns by Ultrasonic Sensing.” ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. March 2013; 135(2): 024503. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4007555 
    • V. K. Chillara, B. T. Sturtevant, C. Pantea, and D. N. Sinha, in AIP Conference Proceedings (AIP Conference Proceedings, 2017).
    • A. Shiozaki, S. Senda, A. Kitabatake, M. Inoue, and H. Matsuo, Ultrasonics 17, 269 (1979).
    • R. A. Rahim, M. H. F. Rahiman, K. S. Chan, and S. W. Nawawi, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 135, 337 (2007).
    • N. Munasinghe and G. Paul, IEEE Sensors Journal 20, 6083 (2020).
    • L. C. Lynnworth and Y. Liu, Ultrasonics 44, e1371 (2006).
    • Nontraumatic aortic blood flow sensing by use of an ultrasonic esophageal probe R. E. Daigle, C. W. Miller, M. B. Histand, F. D. McLeod, and D. E. Hokanson Journal of Applied Physiology 1975 38:6, 1153-1160
    • N. Li, K. Xu, and S. Li, EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2018, (2018).