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Problem 13: Candle Powered Turbine

“A paper spiral suspended above a candle starts to rotate. Optimise the setup for maximum torque.”

I. Phenomenon Demonstration

II. Books, Encyclopedia, Discussion and Forum Posts

III. Research Papers 

  • Cross, Rod. “Rotating Ring on a Vertical Rod.” Physics Education 56, no. 2 (2021): 023003.
  • Favrin, S., Nano, G., Rota, R. (2016). Preliminary CFD analysis of a ventilated chamber for candles testing.
  • K. M. Allan, J. R. Kaminski, J. C. Bertrand, J. Head, and P. B. Sunderland, Combustion Science and Technology 181, 800 (2009).
  • M. P. Raju and J. S. T’Ien, Combustion Theory and Modelling 12, 367 (2008).
  • S. Ghosh, S. Mondal, T. Mondal, A. Mukhopadhyay, and S. Sen, International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics 2, 267 (2010).